Forty Qudsi Hadiths By Imam An-Nawawi (Part Two Hadith 11-20) *

 The Qudsi, or sacred hadiths, have a significant position because their meaning is entirely from Allah while the wording is from the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) himself. Allah the Almighty has communicated these hadiths to His Prophet through revelation or in visions. 

The forty sacred hadiths chosen here are selected from Imam An-Nawawi’s Qudsi Hadiths. They are all well authenticated and present many of the doctrinal, devotional and ethical elements of Islam.

For each of the forty hadith presented, the Arabic original has been provided alongside the English translation. The English version is based on the translation of Forty Hadith Qudsi by Ibrahim Izzuddin and Denis Johnson-Davies.

Part Two Hadith ( 11-20):
Hadith No. 11:

On the authority of Abu Harayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (Allah's peace ad blessings be upon him), who said:

"Allah (mighty and sublime be He) said: Spend (on charity), O son of Adam, and I shall spend on you."

It was related by Al-Bukhari (also by Muslim).
الحديث الحادي عشر:

عن أبي هريرة، رضي الله عنه، أن رسول الله صلى الله   عليه وسلم قال:

قال الله:
"أنفق يا بان آدم، أنفق عليك"  

رواه
   البخاري  وكذلك مسلم  
Hadith No. 12:

On the authority of Abu Mas'ud al-Ansari (May Allah be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allah (Allah's peace ad blessings be upon him) said:

"A man from among those who were before you was called to account. Nothing in the way of good was found for him except that he used to have dealings with people and, being well-to-do, he would order his servants to let off the man in straitened circumstances [from repaying his debt]. He (the Prophet) said that Allah said: We are worthier than you of t hat (of being so generous). Let him off."

It was related by Muslim (also by Al-Bukhari and An-Nasa'i).
الحديث الثاني عشر:
عن أبي مسعود الأنصاري رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم:

"
حوسب   رجل ممن كان قبلكم، فلم يوجد له من الخير شئ، إلا أنه كان يخالط الناس، وكان   موسرا، فكان يأمر غلمانه أن يتجاوزوا عن المعسر قال قال الله: "نحن أحق بذلك منك   تجاوزوا عنه"

رواه مسلم  كذلك البخاري والنسائي
   
Hadith No. 13:

On the authority of Adiyy ibn Hatim (May Allah be pleased with him) who said:I was with the Messenger of Allah (Allah's peace ad blessings be upon him) and there came to him two men: one of them was complaining of penury (being very poor), while the other was complaining of brigandry (robbery). The Messenger of Allah (Allah's peace ad blessings be upon him) said:

"As for brigandry, it will be but a short time before a caravan will [be able to] go out of Mecca without a guard. As for penury, the Hour (Day of Judgement) will not arrive before one of you takes his charity around without finding anyone to accept it from him. Then one of you will surely stand before Allah, there being no screed between Him and him, nor an interpreter to translate for him. Then He will say to him: Did I not bring you wealth? And he will say: Yes. Then He will say: Did I not send to you a messenger? And he will say: Yes. And he will look to his right and will see nothing but Hell-fire, then he will look to his left and will see nothing but Hell-fire, so let each of you protect himself against Hell-fire, be it with even half a date - and if he finds it not, then with a kind word."

It was related by Al-Bukhari.
الحديث الثالث عشر:

عن عدي بن حاتم رضي الله عنه، يقول: كنت عند رسول   الله، صلى الله عليه وسلم، فجاءه رجلان: أحدهما يشكو العيلة والاخر يشكو قطع   السبيل، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم:

 "أما قطع السبيل فانه لا ياتي عليك   الا قليل حتى تخرج العير الى مكه بغير خفير واما العيلة فان الساعة لا تقوم حتى   يطوف احدكم بصدقت لا يجد من يقبلها منه ثم ليقفن احدكم بين يدي الله ليس بينه بينه   حجاب ولا ترجمان يترجم له ثم ليقولن له: ألم أوتك مالا؟ فليقولن: بلى، ثم ليقولن: ألم أرسل اليك رسولا؟ فليقولن: بلى . فينظر عن يمينه، فلا يرى إلا النار، ثم   ينظر عن شماله، فلا يرى إلا النار، فليتقين أحدكم النار، ولو بشق تمرة، فإن لم   يجد فبكلمة طيبة"  
رواه البخاري  .
Hadith No. 14:

On the authority of Abu Harayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (Allah's peace ad blessings be upon him), who said:

"Allah (glorified and exalted be He) has supernumerary angels who rove about seeking out gatherings in which Allah's name is being invoked: they sit with them and fold their wings round each other, fillin that which is between them and between the lowest heaven. When [the people in the gathering] depart, [the angels] ascend and rise up to heaven. He (the Prophet) said: Then Allah (mighty and sublime be He) asks them - [though] He is most knowing about them: From where have you come? And they say: We have come from some servants of Yours on Earth: they were glorifying You (Subhana llah), exalting you (Allahu akbar), witnessing that there is no god but You (La ilaha illa llah), praising You (Al-Hamdu lillah), and asking [favours] of You. He says: And what do they ask of Me? They say: They ask of You Your Paradise. He says: And have they seen My Paradise? They say: No, O Lord. He says: And how would it be were they to have seen My Paradise! They say: And they ask protection of You. He says: From what do they ask protection of Me? They say: From Your Hell-fire, O Lord. He says: And have they seen My Hell-fire? They say: NO. He says: And how would it be were they to have seen My Hell-fire: They say: And they ask for Your forgiveness. He (the Prophet p.b.u.h) said: Then He says: I have forgiven them and I have bestowed upon them what they have asked for,and I have granted them sanctuary from that from which they asked protection. He (the Prophet p.b.u.h) said: They say: O Lord, among then is So-and-so, a much sinning servant, who was merely passing by and sat down with them. He (the Prophet p.b.u.h) said: And He says: And to him [too] I have given forgiveness: he who sits with such people shall not suffer."

It was related by Muslim (also by Al-Bukhari, At-Tirmidhi, and An-Nasa'i).
الحديث الرابع عشر:

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال:

"
إن لله تبارك وتعالى ملائكة، سيارة فضلا يبتغون الذكر فإذا وجدوا   مجلسا فيه ذكر قعدوا معهم وحف بعضهم بعضا بأجنحتهم، حتى يملأوا ما بينهم وبين   السماء الدنيا، فاذا انصرفوا عرجوا وصعدوا إلى السماء قال فيسألهم الله، عز وجل،   وهو أعلم بهم: من أين جئتم؟ فيقولون: جئنا من عند عباد لك فى الأرض، يسبحونك   ويكبرونك، ويهللونك، ويحمدونك، ويسألونك . قال وما يسألوني؟ قال: يسألونك جنتك، قال: وهل رأوا جنتي؟ قالوا: لا أي رب، قال: فكيف لو رأوا جنتي. قالوا:   ويستجيرونك، قال: ومم يستجيرونى؟ قالوا: من نارك يارب، قال: وهل رأوا ناري؟   قالوا: لا، قال: فكيف لو رأوا ناري، قالوا: ويستغفرونك، قال فيقول:قد غفرت   لهم، وأعطيتهم ما سألوا، وأجرتهم مما أستجاروا. قال: يقولون رب فيهم فلان، عبد   خطاء، إنما مر فجلس معهم. قال: فيقول: وله غفرت، هم القوم، لا يشقي بهم   جليسهم."

رواه مسلم وكذلك البخاري والترمذى والنسائي
 .
Hadith No. 15:

On the authority of Abu Harayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) who said that the Prophet (Allah's peace ad blessings be upon him) said:

"Allah the Almighty said: I am as My servant thinks I am. I am with him when he makes mention of Me. If he makes mention of Me to himself, I make mention of him to Myself; and if he makes mention of Me in an assembly, I make mention of him in an assemble better than it. And if he draws near to Me an arm's length, I draw near to him a fathom's length. And if he comes to Me walking, I go to him at speed."
  
It was related by al-Buhkari (also by Muslim, At-Tirmidhi and Ibn-Majah).
الحديث الخامس عشر:
عن أبي هريرة، رضي الله عنه، قال: قال   النبي، صلى الله عليه وسلم:

"
يقول الله تعالي: أنا عند ظن عبدي بي، وأنا   معه إذا ذكرني، فإن ذكرني فى نفسه، ذكرته فى نفسي. وإن ذكرني في ملأ، ذكرته فى   ملأ خير منهم، وإن تقرب إلى بشبر تقربت إليه ذراعا، وإن تقرب إلى ذراعا تقربت إليه باعا، وإن أتاني يمشي، أتيته هرولة."

رواه البخاري وكذلك مسلموالترمذى وابن ماجه 
Hadith No. 16:

On the authority of son of Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both), from the Messenger of Allah (Allah's peace ad blessings be upon him), among the sayings he related from his Lord (glorified and exalted be He) is that He said:

"Allah has written down the good deeds and the bad ones. Then He explained it [by saying that] he who has intended a good deed and has not done it, Allah writes it down with Himself as a full good deed, but if he has intended it and has done it, Allah writes it down with Himself as from ten good deeds to seven hundred times, or many times over. But if he has intended a bad deed and has not done it, Allah writes it down with Himself as a full good deed, but if he has intended it and has done it, Allah writes it down as one bad deed."

It was related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.
الحديث السادس عشر :
عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، فيما يروي عن ربه عز وجل، قال:

"إن الله كتب الحسنات والسيئات، ثم بيَّن ذلك: فمن هم بحسنة فلم يعملها،كتبها الله له عنده حسنة كاملة، فإن هو هم بها فعملها، كتبها الله له عنده عشرحسنات، إلى سبعمائة ضعف، إلى أضعاف كثيرة، ومن هم بسيئة فلم يعملها كتبها اللهله عنده حسنة كاملة، فإن هو هم بها فعملها، كتبها الله سيئة واحدة."
رواه البخاري ومسلم.
Hadith No. 17:
 
On the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifari (May Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (Allah's peace ad blessings be upon him) is that among the sayings he relates from his Lord (may He be glorified) is that He said:

"O My servants, I have forbidden oppression for Myself and have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My servants, all of you are astray except for those I have guided, so seek guidance of Me and I shall guide you, O My servants, all of you are hungry except for those I have fed, so seek food of Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except for those I have clothed, so seek clothing of Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants, you sin by night and by day, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness of Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you will not attain harming Me so as to harm Me, and will not attain benefitting Me so as to benefit Me. O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to be as pious as the most pious heart of any one man of you, that would not increase My kingdom in anything. O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to be as wicked as the most wicked heart of any one man of you, that would not decrease My kingdom in anything. O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to rise up in one place and make a request of Me, and were I to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what I have, any more that a needle decreases the sea if put into it. O My servants, it is but your deeds that I reckon up for you and then recompense you for, so let him finds good praise Allah and let him who finds other that blame no one but himself."

It was related by Muslim (also by At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah).
الحديث السابع عشر:

عن أبي ذر الغفاري، رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فيما يرويه عن ربه عز وجل أنه   قال:

"ياعبادي: إني حرمت الظلم على نفسي وجعلته بينكم محرما فلا تظالموا.
ياعبادي: كلكم ضال إلا من هديته فاستهدوني أهدكم، ياعبادي: كلكم جائع إلا منأطعمته فاستطعموني أطعمكم، ياعبادي كلكم عار إلا من كسوته فاستكسوني أكسكم ياعبادي:إنكم تخطئون بالليل والنهار، وأنا أغفر الذنوب جميعا، فاستغفروني أغفر لكم.
ياعبادي: إنكم لن تبلغوا ضري فتضروني، ولن تبلغوا نفعي فتنفعوني. ياعبادي:لو أن أولكم وآخركم وإنسكم وجنكم كانوا على أتقي قلب رجل واحد منكم، مازاد ذلك فىملكي شيئا. ياعبادي لو أن أولكم وآخركم وإنسكم وجنكم كانوا على أفجر قلب رجل واحدمنكم مانقص ذلك من ملكي شيئا. ياعبادي لو أن أولكم وآخركم وإنسكم وجنكم قاموا فىصعيد واحد فسألوني فأعطيت كل واحد مسألته، مانقص ذلك مما عندي إلا كما ينقص المخيطإذا ادخل البحر.
ياعبادي: إنما هى أعمالكم أحصيها لكم، ثم أوفيكم إياها،فمن وجد خيرا فليحمد الله، ومن وجد غير ذلك فلا يلومن الا نفسه."
رواه مسلم وكذلك الترمذي وابن ماجه
Hadith No. 18:

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) who said that the Messenger of Allah (Allah's peace ad blessings be upon him) said:

"Allah (mighty and sublime be He) will say on the Day of Resurrection: O son of Adam, I fell ill and you visited Me not. He will say: O Lord, and how should I visit You when You are the Lord of the worlds? He will say: Did you not know that My servant So-and-so had fallen ill and you visited him not? Did you not know that had you visited him you would have found Me with him? O son of Adam, I asked you for food and you fed Me not. He will say: O Lord, and how should I feed You when You are the Lord of the worlds? He will say: Did you not know that My servant So-and-so asked you for food and you fed him not? Did you not know that had you fed him you would surely have found that (the reward for doing so) with Me? O son of Adam, I asked you to give Me to drink and you gave Me not to drink. He will say: O Lord, how should I give You to drink whin You are the Lord of the worlds? He will say: My servant So-and-so asked you to give him to drink and you gave him not to drink. Had you given him to drink you would have surely found that with Me."

It was related by Muslim.
الحديث الثامن عشر :
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم:

"
إن الله عز وجل يقول يوم القيامة  :  ياابن آدم، مرضت فلم تعدني، قال: يارب وكيف أعودك وأنت رب العالمين؟ قال: أما   علمت أن عبدي فلانا مرض فلم تعده؟ أما علمت أنك لو عدته لوجدتني عنده؟ يابن آدم   استطعمتك فلم تطعمني، قال: يا رب، وكيف أطعمك وأنت رب العالمين؟ قال: أما علمت أنه استطعمك عبدي فلان فلم تطعمه؟ أما علمت أنك لو أطعمته لوجدت ذلك عندي؟ يا ابن آدم استسقيتك فلم تسقني. قال: يا رب كيف أسقيك وأنت رب العالمين؟ قال: استسقاك عبدي فلان فلم تسقه. أما أنك لو سقيته وجدت ذلك عندي."
رواه مسلم
Hadith No. 19:

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) who said that the Messenger of Allah (Allah's peace ad blessings be upon him) said:

"Allah (mighty and sublime be He) said: Pride is my cloak and greatness My robe, and he who competes with Me in respect of either of them I shall cast into Hell-fire."

It was related by Abu Dawud (also by Ibn Majah and Ahmad) with sound chains of authority. This Hadith also appears in Muslim in another version.
الحديث التاسع عشر:
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله   عليه وسلم :

"قال الله عز وجل: الكبرياء ردائي، العظمة إزاري، فمن نازعنىواحدا منهما، قذفته فى النار."

رواه أبو داود وكذلك ابن ماجه وأحمد بأسانيد صحيحة.
Hadith No. 20:

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) who said that the Messenger of Allah (Allah's peace ad blessings be upon him) said:

"The gates of Paradise will be opened on Mondays and on Thursdays, and every servant [of Allah] who associates not hing with Allah will be forgiven, except for the man who has a grudge against his brother. [About t hem] it will be said: Delay these two until they are reconciled; delay these two until they are reconciled."

It was related by Muslim (also by Malik and Abu Dawud).
الحديث العشرون:
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه، أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال:

"
تفتح أبواب الجنة يوم الاثنين ويوم الخميس فيغفر لكل عبد لا يشرك بالله شئيا إلا رجلا كانت بينه وبين أخيه   شحناء، فيقال انظروا هذين حتى يصطلحا، انظروا هذين حتى يصطلحا، انظروا هذين حتى   يصطلحا"  

رواه مسلم  وكذلك مالك وأبو داود   


*
 Imam Yahya ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi was  Born in the village of Nawa in Southern Syria, Nawawi spent most of his life in Damascus where he lived in a simple manner, devoted to Allah, engaging single-mindedly in worship, study, writing and teaching various Islamic sciences. The life of this world seems scarcely to have impinged upon him. He was a versatile and extremely dedicated scholar whose breadth of learning was matched by its depth. .
Imam Nawawi died at the young age of 44 years, leaving behind him numerous works of great importance, the most famous of these being:
  • al-Arba'un Nabawi (An-Nawawis Forty Hadith)
  • Riyadhus saleheen
  • al-Maqasid (Al-Nawawi's Manual of Islam).
  • Kitab al-Adhkar,
  • Minhaj al-Talibin (a main reference for Shafi'i fiqh)
  • Shar' Sahih Muslim (he was the first to arrange the sahih of Muslim in the now familiar categories) 
Although best known for his works in hadith, Yahya ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi (d. 676/1277) was also the Imam of the later Shafi'i school of Jurisprudence, and widely acknowledged as the intellectual heir  to Imam Al-Shafi'i. He was a renowned  scholar and jurist who dedicated his life to the pursuit of Islamic learning.
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