Learn Tajweed with Yasir Qadhi- (Episodes 6-10)

The Noble Emissaries (As-Safara Al-Keram) 
Episode 6 -Makhaarij ash-Shafatayn (Points of Articulation of the Lips) and Makhraj al-Khayshum (Point of Articulation of the Nasal Cavity)

Both Lips -- م و ب
Lower Lip + Upper Teeth --
ف

Nose/Nasal Cavity -- Gunnah



Episode 7 -- Isti'laa, Itbaaq, and Qalqalah

Isti'laa (tongue is raised to the roof of the mouth) --
ظ ق ط غ ض ص خ
Itbaaq (mouth is closed, puckered up from inside) --
ظ ط ض ص
Qalqalah (moving or shaking of sound, only happens on a silent letter, not a fat'ha) --
ق ط ب ج د





Episode 8 -Tafkheem I

All letters of isti'laa are tafkheem.
ل -- Always tarqeeq (light), except in the proper name "Allah" when preceded by a fat'ha or dhamma (-allah/-ullah).




Episode 9 -- Tafkheem II

ر -- Can be tafkheem or tarqeeq, based on the following rules.
*
ر is tafhkeem when there is a fat'ha or dhamma on it, or when it is silent but preceded by a fat'ha or dhamma.
*
ر is tarqeeq when there is a kasrah on it or when it is silent but preceded by a kasrah.




Episode 10 -- Tafkheem III

Exceptions to rules for
ر mentioned in the previous episode.
*
ر is always tafkheem whenever it is preceeded directly by a أ (hamzat ul-wasl).
* A silent
ر, when preceded by a silent ي, will always by tarqeeq.
*
ر is always tafkheem when preceded by a letter of isti'laa.
* When
ر is silent, is preceded by a silent letter, and the third letter before it has a fat'ha or dhamma, that ر is considered tafkheem.
* When
ر is silent, is preceded by a silent letter, and the third letter before it has a kasrah, that ر is considered tarqeeq.





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