Manners of Supplication


 *    Supplication should start with "In the name of Allah, Praise is to Allah, and Peace and Blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and should end with (Peace and Blessing be upon the Messenger of Allah)".
*    Supplication should be performed secretly and with a present (sincere) heart. Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) said:“ Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret, He likes not the aggressors” (7:55).
*    Supplicate Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) with humility and express your need of Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala). He said:“ Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before us.” (21:90).
*    Insist to Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) in your supplication by repeating it many times.
*    Invoke Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) by His Names and Attributes. He said:“ And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them” (7:180).
*    Supplicate Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) by mentioning the righteous deeds you have done. Narrated Abdullah bin Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) that he heard Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saying:“ Three men, amongst those who became before you set out until night came and they reached a cave, so they entered it. A rock slithered down from a mountain and blocked the entrance of the cave. They said: Nothing will save you from this except that you supplicate to Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) by mentioning the righteous deeds you have done … etc.” [Reported by Bukahri and Muslim].
*    Repeat each sentence of your supplication three times. From the long Hadith Narrated by Ibn Masaud (may Allah be pleased with him):“ And when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) finished his Salat, he raised his voice and Supplicated on them and when he supplicated, he supplicated three times....” [Reported by Muslim].
*    Face Al-Qiblah (Maka) during your supplication. Narrated Abdullah bin Zaid (may Allah be pleased with him):“ Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) went out to his praying place to offer the Salat of Istisqa (rain). He invoked Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) for rain and then faced Al-Qiblah and turned his upper garment inside out.” [Reported by Bukahri].
*    Raise your hands while supplicating Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala). As in the Hadith of Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him):“ when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). had finished from the battle of Hunain, he said the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked for water, performed ablution and then raised his hands saying: O Allah forgive Ubaid Abi Amir.” [Reported by Bukahri and Muslim].
*    Be in the state of Purity during your supplication. (See the previous Hadith).
*    When making supplication for others, start with yourself first then include others. Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) said about Noah (AS):“ My Lord, forgive me and my parents and him who enters my home as a believer, and all the believing men and women..” (71:28).
*    Do not be aggressive when you are supplicating Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) such as asking Him to make you a prophet and you know there will not be a prophet after Mohammed (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), or make you live for ever and you know every one will die.
*    Remember to include your parents in your supplication (if they are Muslims only or they died on Islam but if they are alive and they are non believers, you can not supplicate Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) to have mercy on them or forgive their sins, you are only allowed to ask Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) to guide them to the right path "Islam").
*    Be patient, do not expect an immediate response from Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) although this could happen. But if it does not, then you should be patient and continue supplicating Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) until you see the results. Narrated Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him); Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:“ The invocation of anyone of you is responded to by Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) if he does not show impatience by saying: I invoked Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) but my request has not been granted.” [Reported by Bukahri and Muslim].

 

  From the book "Supplication and its manners, times, conditions, mistakes",  by:  Abdulaziz Addweesh.


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