Step by Step Guide to Prayer. Episodes 1- 4

*How to Pray - Episode one: Ablution -Wudu.

*How to Pray - Episode two: Short introduction on five daily prayers.


*How to Pray - Episode Three: Farj-Dawn prayer.


*How to Pray - Episode Four: Dhuhur -Noon- Prayer:


rose colored flowers

Step by Step Guide to Prayer. Episodes 5 - 7

*How to Pray - Episode five: 'Asr - afternoon - prayer

*How to Pray - Episode six: Maghreb - sunset - prayer


*How to Pray - Episode seven: 'Isha - night - prayer


rose colored flowers

Learn Tajweed with Yasir Qadhi- (Episodes 26-30)



 The Noble Emissaries (As-Safara Al-Keram)

 Episode 26 -- Exceptions I

Saktah (to pause momentarily without breathing, 4 places in Qur'an, may be shown by a small س)
*Surah Kahf, Ch. 18 v.1 -- عِوَجَا
*Surah Ya-Sin, Ch.36 v.52 -- مَرْقَدِنَا
*Surah al-Qiyamah, Ch.75 v.27 -- مَنْ
*Surah al-Mutaffifin, Ch.83 v.14 -- بَلْ

Madd as-Sillah Exceptions
* Surah Zumar, Ch.39 v.7, no madd -- يَرْضَهُ
*Surah Furqan, Ch.25 v.69, with madd on the فِيهِ -- ه

Ishmaam (show with lips a dhammah being pronounced, but no dhamma is pronounced)
*Surah Yusuf, Ch. 12 v.11 -- تَأْمَنَّا, on the ن






Episode 27 -- Exceptions II

Imaalah (to produce sounds between ا and ي, sometimes symbolized by a diamond
*Surah Hud, Ch.11 v. 41 --
مَجْرَاهَا, pronounced "najrayha," not "majraha" nor "majriha"

Tas'heel of Hamza (pronounce hamza between alif and hamza)
Surah Fussilat, Ch.41 v.44 --
أَأَعْجَمِيٌّ

س vs ص -- sometimes these two are exchanged in recitation even if not reflected in the spelling
Sural al-Baqarah, Ch.2 v.245 --
وَيَبْسُطُ, must use س
Surah al-A'raf, Ch.7 v.69 --
بَسْطَةً, must use س
Surah at-Tur, Ch.52 v.37 --
الْمُسَيْطِرُونَ -- preferred to use ص
Surah al-Ghashiyah, Ch.88 v.22 --
بِمُسَيْطِرٍ -- preferred to use 




Episode 28 -- Demonstration of Proper Recitation by a Guest Qari I

Surah Ya-Sin, Ch.36 vv.1-11





Episode 29 -- Demonstration of Proper Recitation by a Guest Qari II

Surah Ya-Sin, Ch.36 vv.71-83





Episode 30 -- Practical Steps for Memorizing the Qur'an

Spiritual Pre-Conditions
*sincerity
*humility
*du'a
*leave sins
*live life by Qur'an

Physical Pre-Conditions
*memorize earlier in the day
*pick one mus'haf
*consistency
*quiet place
*understand
*recite in prayera


rose colored flowers

Learn Tajweed with Yasir Qadhi- (Episodes 21-25)

The Noble Emissaries (As-Safara Al-Keram):

Episode 21 -- Rules of Madd IV:

Real Sukoon After Madd

Madd Lazim Kalimi (mandatory, one word; real, permanent sukoon after madd) -- 6 harakas
*proper sukoon -- only one word in the entire Qur'an, occurs twice in Surah Yunus, Ch. 10 vv.51, 91:
أَالآنَ
*shaddah -- indicates that there are two of that letter, the first with a sukoon, followed by the same letter with a haraka.





Episode 22 -- Rules of Madd V

Madd as-Sillah (Connecting Madd) -- refers to masculine pronoun of third person (for example, his book,
كتابه), sounds similar to the و vowel sound
*If either letter before or after it is silent, no madd
*If letter before is not silent, and after it is hamza, then 2, 4, or 5 harakas
*If letter before is not silent, and after it is any letter besides hamza, only 2 harakas




Episode 23 -- Rules of Madd VI

Madd al-Lazim al-Harfi (al-Muqata'aat, the Abbreviated Letters)
*only pronounce name, no madd:
ا
*madd of 2 harakas:
ح ي ط ه ر
*madd of 6 harakas:
ن ق ص ع س ل ك م



Episode 24 -- Special Types of Idghaam I

*Any time a silent letter is followed by the same letter, idghaam occurs. If that letter happens to be a
ن or م, a ghunnah occurs as well.
* 2 Letters with Close Makhaarij:
ر ل, ل gets dropped; ق ك, first letter gets dropped





Episode 25 -- Special Types of Idghaam:
Letters of Similar Characteristics
ذ followed by ظ; drop the ذ
تfollowed by د; drop the ذ
ت followed by ط; drop the ذ
د followed by ت; drop the د
ب followed by م; drop the ب
ث followed by ذ; drop the ث
ط followed by ت; drop the ت




rose colored flowers

Learn Tajweed with Yasir Qadhi- (Episodes 16-20)

The Noble Emissaries (As-Safara Al-Keram):
Episode 16 -- Ikhfaa (Supressing):

Ikhfaa (supressing or hiding the sound of the nun sakinah or tanween with a ghunnah) -- all remaining letters that have not been addressed by idhaar, iqlaab, or idgham.



Episode 17 -- The Silent

Idghaam Shafawai (Idghaam of the Lips) -- when followed by another
م, with ghunnah, usually indicated with a shaddah

Ikhfaa Shafawai -- when followed be a
ب, with ghunnah

Idhaar Shafawi -- remaining 26 letters, no special rule.




Episode 18 -Rules of Madd (Elongation) I:

Letters of Madd --
وي ا, preceded by fat'ha, kasra, or dhamma, in that order, respectively

Natural Madd -- occurs when a letter of madd is neither preceded nor followed by hamza or sukoon; 2 harakas

Madd al-`Iwadh (Replacement Madd) -- when stopping on a double fat'ha, it becomes a natural mad

Madd al-Badal (Substitution Madd) -- hamza occurs before madd; 2 harakas.




Episode 19 -Rules of Madd II:

Hamza After Madd:


Al-Madd Al-Muttasil (Connected Madd) -- within the same word, so lengthen to 4or 5 harakas
AL-Madd Al-Munfassil (Seperated Madd) -- different words, so lengthen to 2, 4, or 5 harakas





Episode 20 -- Rules of Madd III:

Sukoon after Madd
Aridh li Sukoon (Voluntary Stop, no written sukoon, as if you ran out of breath or reached the end of a verse) -- 2, 4, or 5 harakas
Madd al-Leen (Easygoing Madd, silent
ي or و, preceded by a fat'ha) -- 2, 4, or 5 harakas



 

rose colored flowers

Learn Tajweed with Yasir Qadhi- (Episodes 11-15)

The Noble Emissaries (As-Safara Al-Keram) 

Episode 11 -Rumuz al-Awqaf (Stop Signs):

مـ -- must stop
قلي -- better to stop
ج -- allowed to stop
صلي -- better not to stop
لا -- should not stop


Episode 12 -Huruf Shamsiyya (Solar Letters) & Huruf Qamariyya (Lunar Letters)

Huruf Shamsiyya (letters which, when are at the beginning of a noun, assimilate the
ل of a preceding article) -- ﻥ ﻝ ﻅ ﻁ ﺽ ﺹ ﺵ ﺱ ﺯ ﺭ ﺫ ﺩ ﺙ ﺕ
Huruf Qamariyya (letters which, when are at the beginning of a noun, do not assimilate the
ل of a preceding article, meaning the ل is pronounced) -- ه ﻱ ﻭ ﻡ ﻙ ﻕ ﻑ ﻍ ﻉ ﺥ ﺡ ﺝ ﺏ ء



Episode 13 -- Idh-haar (Clarity)

Any ghunnah is held for two harakas:


Letters of Idh-haar (when a nun sakinah or tanween is followed by one of these letters, simply pronounce the nun sakinah or tanween crips and clear) -- any letter from makhaarij al-halq


Episode 14 -- Iqlaab (Conversion) & Idghaam (Merging) I
Iqlaab (changing the nun sakinah or tanween into a
م instead, sometimes signified in a mus'haf by a م) -- only when followed by a ب

Idghaam without Ghunnah (the nun sakinah or tanween is bypassed so that the letter before it is connected to the letter after it, and no ghunnah is pronounced) --
ر ل



Episode 15 -- Idghaam (Merging) II

Idghaam with Gunnah (the nun sakinah or tanween is bypassed so that the letter before it is connected to the letter after it, but there is a ghunnah pronounced within that connection) -- و م ن ي


rose colored flowers

Learn Tajweed with Yasir Qadhi- (Episodes 6-10)

The Noble Emissaries (As-Safara Al-Keram) 
Episode 6 -Makhaarij ash-Shafatayn (Points of Articulation of the Lips) and Makhraj al-Khayshum (Point of Articulation of the Nasal Cavity)

Both Lips -- م و ب
Lower Lip + Upper Teeth --
ف

Nose/Nasal Cavity -- Gunnah



Episode 7 -- Isti'laa, Itbaaq, and Qalqalah

Isti'laa (tongue is raised to the roof of the mouth) --
ظ ق ط غ ض ص خ
Itbaaq (mouth is closed, puckered up from inside) --
ظ ط ض ص
Qalqalah (moving or shaking of sound, only happens on a silent letter, not a fat'ha) --
ق ط ب ج د





Episode 8 -Tafkheem I

All letters of isti'laa are tafkheem.
ل -- Always tarqeeq (light), except in the proper name "Allah" when preceded by a fat'ha or dhamma (-allah/-ullah).




Episode 9 -- Tafkheem II

ر -- Can be tafkheem or tarqeeq, based on the following rules.
*
ر is tafhkeem when there is a fat'ha or dhamma on it, or when it is silent but preceded by a fat'ha or dhamma.
*
ر is tarqeeq when there is a kasrah on it or when it is silent but preceded by a kasrah.




Episode 10 -- Tafkheem III

Exceptions to rules for
ر mentioned in the previous episode.
*
ر is always tafkheem whenever it is preceeded directly by a أ (hamzat ul-wasl).
* A silent
ر, when preceded by a silent ي, will always by tarqeeq.
*
ر is always tafkheem when preceded by a letter of isti'laa.
* When
ر is silent, is preceded by a silent letter, and the third letter before it has a fat'ha or dhamma, that ر is considered tafkheem.
* When
ر is silent, is preceded by a silent letter, and the third letter before it has a kasrah, that ر is considered tarqeeq.





rose colored flowers

Learn Tajweed with Yasir Qadhi- (Episodes 1-5)

The Noble Emissaries (As-Safara Al-Keram) 
Episode 1 -- Basic Introduction to the Series:

Importance and Significance of Tajweed:
The Prophet said, "Such a person as recites the Qur'an and masters it by heart, will be with the noble righteous scribes (in Heaven). And such a person exerts himself to learn the Qur'an by heart, and recites it with great difficulty, will have a double reward." (Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol.6 Bk.60 No.459)


Episode 2 -- Etiquette of Reciting the Qur'an

Spiritual Etiquette
*Ikhlas (sincerity)
*Khushu' (humbleness)
*Expect the Reward
*Cleanse Heart of All Sins

Physical Etiquette
*Must Not Be in the State of Janabah When Reciting or Holding the Qur'an
*Must Be in the State of Wudhu when Touching Qur'an
*Must Not Disturb Others
*Must Say the Isti'adha (عوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم) Before Reciting Qur'an
*Encouraged to Say the Basmala (بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم) When Beginning to Recite, Especially at the Beginning of a Surah, Except Before Surah at-Taubah, Ch.9
*Recite in a Moderate Fashion, Not too Loud, Not too Quiet, Not too Fast, Not too Slow.


Episode 3 -- Makhaarij al-Jawf (Points of Articulation of the Oral Cavity) & Makhaarj al-Halq (Points of Articulation of the Throat)
 
Oral Cavity/Chest -- short vowel sounds: fat'ha (a), kasrah (i), dhamma (u),
Lower Throat -- & ه
Middle Throat -- ع & ح
Upper Throat -- خ غ 
  

Episode 4 -- Makhaarij al-Lisaan (Points of Articulation of the Tongue) I

Farthest Part of Tongue + Soft Palate -- ق
Back of the Tounge + Hard Palate -- ك
Middle of Tongue -- ي ش خ
One Side of Tongue + Molars -- ض
Front Edge of Tongue + Back of Teeth -- ل
Front Tip of Tongue + Back of Teeth -- ن


Episode 5 -- Makhaarij al-Lisaan (Points of Articulation of the Tongue) II

Tip of Tongue + Gums of Incisor Teeth -- ر
Tip of Tongue + Upper Portion of Tongue + Gums -- ت ط د
Tip of Tongue + Gum, a Couple of Millimeters above Gum Line -- ز ص س
Upper Surface of Tongue + Tip of 2 Incisors + Tongue Extends Outside the Teeth -- ظ ذ ث
 


rose colored flowers