Learn Tajweed with Yasir Qadhi- (Episodes 16-20)

The Noble Emissaries (As-Safara Al-Keram):
Episode 16 -- Ikhfaa (Supressing):

Ikhfaa (supressing or hiding the sound of the nun sakinah or tanween with a ghunnah) -- all remaining letters that have not been addressed by idhaar, iqlaab, or idgham.

Episode 17 -- The Silent

Idghaam Shafawai (Idghaam of the Lips) -- when followed by another
م, with ghunnah, usually indicated with a shaddah

Ikhfaa Shafawai -- when followed be a
ب, with ghunnah

Idhaar Shafawi -- remaining 26 letters, no special rule.

Episode 18 -Rules of Madd (Elongation) I:

Letters of Madd --
وي ا, preceded by fat'ha, kasra, or dhamma, in that order, respectively

Natural Madd -- occurs when a letter of madd is neither preceded nor followed by hamza or sukoon; 2 harakas

Madd al-`Iwadh (Replacement Madd) -- when stopping on a double fat'ha, it becomes a natural mad

Madd al-Badal (Substitution Madd) -- hamza occurs before madd; 2 harakas.

Episode 19 -Rules of Madd II:

Hamza After Madd:

Al-Madd Al-Muttasil (Connected Madd) -- within the same word, so lengthen to 4or 5 harakas
AL-Madd Al-Munfassil (Seperated Madd) -- different words, so lengthen to 2, 4, or 5 harakas

Episode 20 -- Rules of Madd III:

Sukoon after Madd
Aridh li Sukoon (Voluntary Stop, no written sukoon, as if you ran out of breath or reached the end of a verse) -- 2, 4, or 5 harakas
Madd al-Leen (Easygoing Madd, silent
ي or و, preceded by a fat'ha) -- 2, 4, or 5 harakas


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