Islamic legislation on Celebrating New Year's Eve

Around this time every year, the audio-visual and print media in many non-Muslim and even Muslim countries actively broadcast and circulate programs on celebrating New Year’s Eve. They invite people to participate in the celebrations that are held in certain places specially assigned for them. Public workplaces, private homes and streets are decorated in many different ways. This state of affairs necessitates that the scholars and students of knowledge explain the ruling of Sharee‘ah (Islamic legislation) on this issue. To this end, we have collected many verses from the Quran, Hadeeths (narrations) of the Prophet (PBUH) and statements of scholars. 

Giving gifts in Islam

Gift-giving is one of the good manners that maintains and strengthens relations between the giver and the recipient. It is one of the acts that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) recommended us-Muslims- to do. Al-Bukhaari  narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (RA) said:

"The Messenger of Allaah (PBUH) used to accept gifts and reward people for giving them."

The phrase: “Reward people for giving them,” means giving the giver (at a later time) something of equal value at least in return.

This Hadeeth (narration) indicates that accepting gifts and giving something of equal value (or more) to the giver is the way of the Prophet (PBUH) .

The Prophet (PBUH) enjoined responding in kind to favours, as he said in an authentic narration: “Whoever does you a favour, respond in kind, and if you cannot find the means of doing so, then keep praying for him until you think that you have responded in kind.” [Abu Daawood] 

Introduction to Ramadan

Fasting the lunar month of Ramadan is such an important Pillar of Islam that Muslims believe that if one dies without having made up the missed fasts, the guardian (or heir) must make them up, for they are a debt owed to Allah. The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Whoever observes fasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping to attain Allah's rewards, then all his past sins will be forgiven.” (reported by Al-Bukhari)

Fasting in Islam;The Ultimate Worship

Fasting the month of Ramadan is one of the five pillars upon which the structure of Islam is built. The other four are the declaration of one's belief in God's oneness and in the message of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), regular attendance to Prayers, payment of zakah (obligatory charity), and the pilgrimage.

If we examine these five pillars, taking into account the fact that Islam aims at improving the quality of human life at both the individual and social levels, we find that the first of these five pillars is concerned with beliefs which influence one's conduct.

The Voice of a Woman in Islam

Many Muslims have adopted the Judeo-Christian ethic which views women as the source of human tragedy because of her alleged biblical role as the temptress who seduced Adam into disobedience to his Lord.  By tempting her husband to eat the forbidden fruit, she not only defied Allah, but caused  humankind's expulsion from Paradise, thus instigating all temporal human suffering. Those misogynists who support this Biblical myth, dredge from the archives of pseudo-Islamic  literature such as false and weak hadiths. 

Convert a lemon into a sweet drink

An intelligent and skillful person transforms losses into profits; whereas, the unskilled person aggravates his own predicament, often making two disasters out of one.

The Prophet (bpuh) was compelled to leave Makkah, but rather than quit his mission, he continued it in Madeenah - the city that took its place in history with lightning speed.

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal was severely tortured and flogged, and yet he emerged triumphant from that ordeal, becoming the Imam of the Sunnah. Imam Ibn Taymiyah was put into prison; he later came out an even more accomplished scholar than he was before. Imam As-Sarakhsi was held as a prisoner, kept at the bottom of an unused well; he managed therein to produce twenty volumes on Islamic jurisprudence. Ibn Atheer became crippled, after which he wrote Jam'ey al-Usool and An-Nihoyoh, two of the most famous books in the Science of Hadith. Imam Ibn al-Jawzi was banished from Baghdad. Then, through his travels, he became proficient in the seven recitations of the Quran. Maalik ibn ar-Rayb was on his deathbed when he recited his most famous and beautiful poem, which is appreciated until this day. When Abi Dhu'aib al-Hadhali's children died before him, he eulogized them with a poem that the world listened to and admired.

Do not expect gratitude from anyone

Allah, the Almighty, created His slaves so that they may worship and remember Him, and He provided sustenance for them so that they may be grateful to Him. Nevertheless, many have worshipped other than Him and the masses are thankful not to Him, but to others, because the characteristic of ingratitude is widespread among human beings. So do not be dismayed when you find that others forget your favors or disregard your kind acts. Some people might even despise you and make you an enemy for no other reason than that you have shown them kindness.

   ﴿ وَمَا نَقَمُوا إِلَّا أَنْ أَغْنَاهُمُ اللَّـهُ وَرَسُولُهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ ۚ(And they could not find any cause to bear a grudge, except that Allah and His Messenger had enriched them of His Bounty.)  (Quran 9: 74) 

Greatness of Allah

Ibn Al-Qayyim described Allah's Greatness, saying,

He governs the affairs of the various kingdoms and He commands and forbids, creates, sustains, gives death, gives life, gives power, strips power (to and from whom He wills) and alternates the night and day. He gives varying fortunes to people and alternates governments (and states), destroying some and bringing some into existence. His Command and Power are dominant in the heavens and their zones, the earth and all that which is on and in it, in the seas and in the air. His Knowledge has encompassed everything and He counted everything. He hears all types of voices and they do not confuse Him. Rather, He hears each voice in its distinct language and need, and no voice will make Him busy from fulfilling the need of another, and no need will ever escape His Perfect Knowledge (and His Power to deliver). He does not become bored because of the many needs of those who need. His Sight encompasses all that which there is. He sees the movement of a black ant on a barren rock during a dark night. To Him, the Unseen is uncovered end the secret is secret no more, 

◄◄ Speak a good word or remain silent ►►

Abû Hurayrah relates that Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak a good word or remain silent. And whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should show hospitality to his neighbor. And whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should show hospitality to his guest.” 
[ Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]  

The importance of this hadith:

This hadith discusses some of the ways a Muslim's faith should affect the way he relates to others. Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalânî writes: “This hadith speaks about three matters, and in doing so it brings together everything that good manners entail with respect to both word and deed.”

Some Guidelines Concerning the Scholars

  [1]: Virtues of the Scholars
Allaah - the Most High - said:
  "Say: Are they equal, those who have knowledge and those who do not? But only the men of understanding will take admonition." [Soorah Zumar 39:9].

"Allaah will raise up in degrees those of you who believe and those who have been granted knowledge." [Soorah al-Mujaadalah 58:11].

"It is only those who possess knowledge amongst His slaves that fear Allaah" [Soorah Faatir 35:28]. "Indeed those who believe and do righteous actions, they are the best of creatures ... This is for those who fear their Lord." [Soorah al-Bayyinah 98:7-8].

Concealing the Faults and Weaknesses of Others

Avoiding harm to others and concealing the weakness of one's fellow human beings is a prominent theme of the moral teachings of the Quran and the Sunnah. The message here is conveyed in a variety of forms, context and ideas, all of which are indicative of Islam's emphasis on the honour and dignity of the individual, and of his or her right to privacy safe from the encroachment of others.

Thus according to a hadith: 

"If a person conceals the weakness of another in this world, Allah will conceal their weakness in the hereafter" [Al Nawawi, Riyad al Salihin p 135, Hadith no 245; al Ghazali, Kitab Adab p 344]

Devil on the Doors of Masjids

The devil sits on the doors of Masjids (mosques) and at the places of worship and remembering Allah. He tries to seduce people not to offer Salat, and when the Azan [the Call to Prayer] is pronounced he strives to allure mankind with every lure to divert them from going to Salat. He reminds man of worldly concerns and keeps whispering to him evil insinuations. He frightens him by insinuating that perhaps if he went to Salat he might lose a good bargain or money or benefit, suggesting that work is also an act of worship…etc. till he diverts him from remembering Allah and from Salat. 

Al-Istighfaar (Asking Forgiveness) (In the light of the Glorious Qurân and the Sunnah)

The Messenger of Allah, sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam, said:

{{The master of invocations for forgiveness is that the servant says:
O' my 'ilâh You are my Lord, there is no 'ilâh but You. You created me, and I am your bondservant, and I will stick to my covenant and promise [of faith and sincere obedience] to You, as to my ability. I seek refuge in You from the evil of what I have done, I acknowledge, to You, your bounties upon me, and I acknowledge, to You, my sin. Thus forgive me, for none forgives sins except You.

Whoever says this as he enters upon evening, then, dies that night, he would enter Paradise; and if one says this as he enters upon morning, then, dies that day, he would enter Paradise.}} (Al-Bukhari)

Leave the future alone until it comes

(أَتَىٰ أَمْرُ اللَّـهِ فَلَا تَسْتَعْجِلُوهُ ۚ  )
 (The Event [the Hour or the punishment of disbelievers and polytheists or the Islamic laws or commandments], ordained by Allah will come to pass, so seek not to hasten it.) (Qur'an 16: 1)

Be not hasty and rushed for things that have yet to come to pass. 

Do you think it is wise to pick fruits before they become ripe? Tomorrow is non-existent, having no reality today, so why should you busy yourself with it? Why should you have apprehensions about future disasters? Why should you be engrossed by their thoughts, especially since you do not know whether you will even see tomorrow?

The Reality of Satan

Satan was from the jinn and not from the angels, because angels never disobey the Commands they receive from Allah and secondly because the jinn has a free will exactly like mankind.

Some scholars classify the creatures who have free choice into three classes: devils, jinn and mankind. We say to them that this is a wrong division because the only two classes that have the power of free choice from among the creatures of Allah are jinn and mankind alone. Concerning this, Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, says in Surah Ar-Rahmân what means: 

"Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest"

(أَلَا بِذِكْرِ اللَّـهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ)
 (Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest.)
(Qur'an 13: 28)

Truthfulness is beloved by Allah and is purifying soap for the heart. And there is no deed that gives such pleasure to the heart, or has greater reward, than the remembrance of Allah. 

The Description of The Devil

Before we proceed we have to differentiate between the description of the devil and the devil himself. The devil in a general sense is whoever pulls people away from obeying Allah and from truth, whoever lures into sin and whoever pushes people to evil. Anyone of these is a DEVIL.

 We have to know that there are devils from among both the jinn and mankind, who are unified by one description, same as they are unified in their mission: spreading sin and corruption on the earth. The devils from jinn are those who disobey from among the jinn; who hinder from truth and call to disbelief, and the devils from mankind execute the same mission. 

Who Is The Devil?!!!

Who is the devil? A question that always crosses our minds, finding no answer to it. The devil is unseen to us, he sees us but we cannot see him. He whispers in our ears and insinuates evil (thoughts, doubts, fears, suggestions..) into our minds without knowing where is he? Or what does he do? And the question persists, who is the devil?

Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, out of mercifulness to our minds told us who the devil is, and the story of his enmity against mankind and how can we confront him and defeat him and defeat all the seen and the unseen powers in the entire universe.

Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, orders us to seek refuge with Him from the devil because Allah, Whose Majesty reigns supreme, is The Omnipotent, highly above all His creatures, whether believers or disbelievers, obedient or disobedient, those given free choice or those without power of free choice. All are subjected to Almighty Allah as nothing in the Universe of Allah is beyond His Will, Word or Command. Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, says (what means):

“And those who, when they commit an indecency or do injustice to their souls…”

Allah says: “And those who, when they commit an indecency or do injustice to their souls, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins – and who forgives sins but Allah – and (who) do not knowingly persist in what they have done. For such the reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath – an eternal dwelling. How excellent a recompense for those who work (and strive)!” [ Sûrah Al `Imrân : 135-136]

This is one of the many passages of the Qur'ân that discusses sincere repentance, informing us that when a person repents sincerely and fulfills the conditions of true repentance, then his reward is forgiveness for his sins, atonement for his mistakes, and admission into Paradise.

●|● 10 Causes That Remove Punishment For A Sin ●|●

Shaykh ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah, may Allah have mercy on him, said:

The punishment for a sin committed by a believer is removed in ten ways:

1. He repents to Allah (taubah), so Allah accepts his repentance, for the one who repents from sin is like the one who has no sin.

2. He seeks forgiveness from Allah (istighfar), so Allah forgives him.

The Meaning of Allah is Greater

Some scholars claimed that the meaning of 'Allahu Akbar – Allah is Greater' is: Allahu Kabeer – Allah is Great. However, this is an extremely weak assertion, because everyone knows the difference between Great and Greater.

It is true that Allah called Himself {Al Kabeer al Muta’aal – the Great, the Elevated} [Ar Ra’d: 9], but the meaning of 'Greater' is different from the meaning of 'the Great'. They tried to escape from comparing the Creator to the creation, but what they were escaping from caused them to fall into something worse than it; it made them come up with an attribute – that if we were to take it by its apparent meaning – both the Creator and the created would be similar.

The past is gone forever

By brooding over the past and its tragedies, one exhibits a form of insanity - a kind of sickness that destroys resolve to live for the present moment. Those who have a firm purpose have filed away and forgotten occurrences of the past, which will never again see light, since they occupy such a dark place in the recesses of the mind.

Episodes of the past are finished with; sadness cannot retrieve them, melancholy cannot make things right, and depression will never bring the past back to life. This is because the past is non-existent.

Do not live in the nightmares of former times or under the shade of what you have missed. Save yourself from the ghostly apparition of the past. Do you think that you can return the sun to its place of rising, the baby to its mother's womb, milk to the udder, or tears to the eye? By constantly dwelling on the past and its happenings, you place yourself in a very frightful and tragic state of mind.