The Reality of Satan

Satan was from the jinn and not from the angels, because angels never disobey the Commands they receive from Allah and secondly because the jinn has a free will exactly like mankind.

Some scholars classify the creatures who have free choice into three classes: devils, jinn and mankind. We say to them that this is a wrong division because the only two classes that have the power of free choice from among the creatures of Allah are jinn and mankind alone. Concerning this, Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, says in Surah Ar-Rahmân what means: 

 “We shall attend to you, O you two classes (jinn and men)!” (Ar-Rahmân, 55: 31)

 We also read in Surah Al-Jinn the Saying of The Most Exalted, which means:

 “And among us are Muslims [in submission to Allah], and among us are the unjust. And whoever has become Muslim – those have sought out the right course. But as for the unjust, they will be, for Hell, firewood.” (Al-Jinn, 72: 14-15)

 Thus, we can see that among the jinn are those who are righteous and also those who are rebels against Allah’s Command, and that the rebellious among the jinn are called devils. Therefore, regarding what is said about a third or fourth class other than those that Allah has informed us about we say to them “No”, there is only jinn and mankind who are free to choose, just as Allah has declared.

Thus, Satan is from the jinn, he disobeyed Allah’s Command of prostrating to Adam. About this incident the Noble Qur’an relates what means:

 “And they prostrated, except for Iblees (Satan). He was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord.” (Al-Kahf, 18: 50)

 This was Satan’s sin: refusal of submission to the Command of Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, and prostration before Adam. But was Satan’s rebellion against Allah’s Command just negligence or a guilt that he regretted afterwards? Or was his rebellion born out of the arrogance and pride that swelled within his inner self and heart?

 Satan’s sin was pride, arrogance and tenacious persistence in sin. Because of his conceit and pride he rejected the Command of The King, Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, as the Noble Qur’an relates to us what means:

 “He said, ‘Should I prostrate to one You created from clay?’” (Al-Isrâ’, 17: 61)

  Satan also said as the Noble Qur’an relates what means:

 “[Satan] said, ‘I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay.’” (Al-A‘râf, 7: 12)

 As though Satan rejected the Command, saying: How do You want me to prostrate myself to a human created from clay when I am created from fire. He wants to justify his disobedience and rebellion by claiming that fire is a component higher than mud, because it possesses transparency and that creatures from fire excel those created from clay in many things. They are endowed with fast movement, agility and are invisible, for humans cannot see the jinn. They can also ascend to high altitudes, traverse walls and enter closed places which men cannot.

  No Superiority of a Component Over Another

 Satan by his ingratitude and arrogance made the component of creation the pretext of claiming superiority. As such his pride made him think and he believed himself the one superior. He forgot that all these privileges are not self-given; gifts he did not attain by himself, but Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, is the One Who placed all these properties in the substance from which the jinn are created. Had not Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, originated these properties in the creatures from fire, they would not have existed. Each component has its role and none is superior over the other, for fire has its mission and clay as well and neither can perform the role of the other, for you cannot plant in fire. 

 Thus, excellence should not be ascribed to the component from which Satan was created but to The Originator of these specifications in the fire element. Whenever Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, decides, He can easily remove all these factors from fire and Satan become the most abject creature of Allah.

 This was the first step in the capital sin of pride and arrogance committed by Satan, for he ascribed the favor to himself, of being created from a component higher than clay, which is fire, exactly as Qârûn (Korah) did as relates to us the Noble Qur’an what means:

 “He said, ‘I was only given it because of knowledge I have.’” (Al-Qasas, 28: 78)

 And his punishment was that Allah caused the earth to swallow him and his dwelling.

 Satan tenaciously persisted in sin as relates to us the Noble Qur’an what means:

“[Satan] said, ‘Because You have put me in error, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path.’” (Al-A‘râf, 7: 16)

 Here we must pause a little to contemplate the words of Satan: “Because You have put me in error”, by it Satan wants to impute his straying into wrong to Almighty Allah. Satan wants to blame Allah for his sin. And we say: “No, our Lord did not send you astray, for the Truth, all praise and glory is to Him, only guides and never sends astray.”

 Satan deserved straying into wrong because of what his hands have earned (by his guilt). Pride filled his soul and he imagined that what he possesses, be it excellence of the elements of his creation or his knowledge, are self-given; thus Allah left him to his pride and Satan strayed from the right path. Satan started evil, therefore he deserved that Allah should desert him to his unjust self and his arrogance and thus infidelity arouse. Allah, Whose Majesty reigns supreme, says in the Noble Qur’an what means:

 “And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.” (Al-Mâ’idah, 5: 108)

 And the Saying of The Most Exalted which means:

“Indeed, Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.” (Al-Mâ’idah, 5: 67)

 Satan has rebelled and disbelieved; rebelled by disobeying the Command of Allah regarding prostration. Al-Fasuq in Arabic means detachment from the Divine Law. Fasqat is used to describe the dates when they are ripe. When the fruits of date palm are red their peel is stuck to the fruits and it cannot be peeled off, but when ripe the peel is detached from the fruit and it can be easily peeled off. Therefore, in Arabic we say “the dates fasqat” meaning the peel became detached from the fruit. Thus, Fasuq is detachment from the Law. Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, informs us that Satan fasq and disbelieved, in the Ayah saying what means: “And they prostrated, except for Iblees (Satan). He was of the jinn and departed(4) from the command of his Lord.” (Al-Kahf, 18: 50)

 Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, abandoned Satan to himself, thus Satan went astray and fell into sin and infidelity. Allah treats no one with injustice, but injustice is from oneself. When the creature wrongs himself and follows the path of disbelief, Allah leaves him to the path he has chosen. Since he has preferred ingratitude, infidelity and denial, Allah is All-Rich (Free of all wants) and stands in no need of him, because Allah is superbly beyond need of any of His creatures.

 And He fell into Sin

 When Satan fell into sin and he realized that by his rebellion he was expelled from Allah’s Mercy and was doomed to eternal torment He asked Allah to reprieve him till the Day of Judgment and not to take his soul until the Trumpet is blown as narrates the Noble Qur’an what means:

 “He said, ‘My Lord, then reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected.’” (Sâd, 38: 79)

 It is noted here that Satan used the words “My Lord” and not “My God” because he is addressing Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, as the Lord of all mankind, meaning the Lord of all what He created, believers and disbelievers.

 Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, has two ways of bestowal: bestowal by Rububiyyah [Lordship] by being the Lord of all mankind. He is the One Who created them and brought them into being, therefore by His Lordship He gives those who believes in Him and those who disbelieves in Him, Allah forbid. But this bestowal is only in this world, where He gives both the believers and the disbelievers, for the Hands of Allah are ever stretched out with means of subsistence on the earth giving believers and disbelievers alike. Thus, whoever adopts the means will have fruits. For whoever cultivates well the land using the best equipments, the land will give him abundantly whether he is a believer or a disbeliever. Whoever adopts the means of development, study and search, means will let him achieve the progress he worked for…but this is in worldly life only.

 As for the bestowments of Uluhiyyah [Godship], they are conferred only on those who have believed that Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, is the One and Only True God, Who has no partner. These are the bestowments of Godship that shall be bestowed by Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, in the Hereafter upon the believers in Him when the world of giving through means and causes ends and everything is directly taken from the Giver, directly from Allah to His believing servants. Once a thing crosses the believer’ minds they shall find it before them…without means, without effort.

The devil is whoever invites to the desertion of worshipping Allah, and pulls away from the truth and incites to sin whatever be his kind. Satan is one of the creatures of Allah, who rebelled against the Law of Allah by the power of free choice to obey or disobey that Allah has given him, thus he rejected the Command of Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, and by that act of disobedience he disbelieved and he persisted in disbelief and asked Allah, all praise and glory is to Him, to keep him alive till the Last Hour befalls.
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From the book:
Mankind And Satan
By Muhammad Mitwaly Ash-Sha‘râwy

1 comment:

  1. JazakAllah Khair sister Angel for this beautiful and useful information.
    Tha arrogrance Syaitan was expelled just for his disobedience in rejecting Allah swt command to prostrate to Adam......Guess what will happen to us whom have done tones of mistakes and disobeying Allah swt commandments? Are we worst than the Syaitan?....the message have been make be aware of it.